The reasons, why the tooth needs to be removed are several:
- severe periodontitis (PD4),
- deep crown-root fractures and most root fractures,
- teeth with structural damage beyond repair,
- persistent and/or fractured deciduous teeth,
- supernumerary teeth interfering with occlusion or periodontal health,
- deciduous teeth causing malocclusion,
- unerupted teeth,
- teeth affected by tooth resorption (depending on the type and extent of the resorption),
- teeth in a fracture line that do not contribute to stability or are interfering with bone healing,
- and teeth affected with periodontitis or surrounded by neoplastic tissue before irradiation.
There are some situations, where the diseased tooth can be saved. However, if the client declines tooth-saving procedure or such a procedure is deemed inappropriate by the veterinary dentist, such a tooth needs to be extracted:
- teeth with crown fracture with pulp exposure,
- non-vital teeth or teeth highly suspicious of having pulpitis,
- teeth that were previously endodontically treated but radiographic re-check reveals a failure,
- teeth affected by caries,
- teeth causing traumatic malocclusion,
- teeth affected by periodontal trauma,
- and elective (full-mouth) dental extractions are also still the main treatment step in cats with chronic gingivostomatitis.
If you have noted any problems with your animal, please consult your veterinarian.